Model rotation

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EDuke32 allows CON and maphack definition of model replacement dynamic rotation for any sprite, using five members of the spriteext structure: pitch, roll, mdxoff, mdyoff, and mdzoff.

pitch and roll contain the values of rotation for the actor's model around the X-axis and Y-axis respectively.

mdxoff, mdyoff, and mdzoff offset the rotation center from the model center along the X-, Y-, and Z- axes respectively, as you can see below.

The values are expressed in Build units. (For pitch, -512 looks up while 512 looks down.)

Tutorial

Axis.png

While the pitch is a rotation about the Y-axis (i.e. would make Duke on the above picture lean forward if given a positive value), the roll makes the model spin around the X-axis. The rotation center is the model center (rendered at the floor by Build) unless you offset it using mdxoff, mdyoff or mdzoff member. That's what would give a 256 roll of the player sprite:

Roll.png

If you put a -8192 mdzoff before the rotation, the center of the model will be moved to the height of the crate on the right of the screen, and you'll get a rotation which might be more convenient to you:

Zoff.png