DEF Language: Difference between revisions

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== Preferred Commands ==
<div style="column-count:3;-moz-column-count:3;">
=== Setup ===


=== include ===
* [[cachesize (DEF)|cachesize]]
* [[define (DEF)|define]]
* [[include (DEF)|include]]
* [[includedefault (DEF)|includedefault]]
* [[loadgrp (DEF)|loadgrp]]
* [[noautoload (DEF)|noautoload]]


=== Global ===


'''include ''filename'''''
* [[globalgameflags (DEF)|globalgameflags]]
* [[numalphatables (DEF)|numalphatables]]
* [[shadefactor (DEF)|shadefactor]]
* [[globalflags (DEF)|globalflags]]


'''#include ''filename'''''
=== Palettes ===


Processes the script commands in '''''filename''''' at the point of the '''include''' call.
* [[basepalette (DEF)|basepalette]]
* [[blendtable (DEF)|blendtable]]
* [[highpalookup (DEF)|highpalookup]]
* [[nofloorpalrange (DEF)|nofloorpalrange]]
* [[nofullbrightrange (DEF)|nofullbrightrange]]
* [[palookup (DEF)|palookup]]
* [[fogpal (DEF)|fogpal]]
* [[makepalookup (DEF)|makepalookup]]
* [[tint (DEF)|tint]]


=== define ===
=== Definitions ===


'''define ''label integer-value'''''
* [[artfile (DEF)|artfile]]
* [[animsounds (DEF)|animsounds]]
* [[animtilerange (DEF)|animtilerange]]
* [[model (DEF)|model]]
* [[music (DEF)|music]]
* [[newgamechoices (DEF)|newgamechoices]]
* [[skybox (DEF)|skybox]]
* [[sound (DEF)|sound]]
* [[texture (DEF)|texture]]
* [[tile (DEF)|tile]]
* [[tilefont (DEF)|tilefont]]
* [[tilefromtexture (DEF)|tilefromtexture]]
* [[voxel (DEF)|voxel]]


'''#define ''label integer-value'''''
=== Un-definitions ===


Declares '''''label''''' to represent the numeric value '''''integer-value'''''. '''''integer-value''''' can be a label, in which case the value of the label given is used.
* [[undefbasepaletterange (DEF)|undefbasepaletterange]]
* [[undefblendtablerange (DEF)|undefblendtablerange]]
* [[undefinetile (DEF)|undefinetile]]
* [[undefinetilerange (DEF)|undefinetilerange]]
* [[undefmodel (DEF)|undefmodel]]
* [[undefmodelof (DEF)|undefmodelof]]
* [[undefmodelrange (DEF)|undefmodelrange]]
* [[undefpalookuprange (DEF)|undefpalookuprange]]
* [[undeftexture (DEF)|undeftexture]]
* [[undeftexturerange (DEF)|undeftexturerange]]


'''NOTE:''' You may find it convenient to include DEFS.CON (for JFDuke3D) or NAMES.H to predefine many of the tile names in the art file.
=== Misc ===


=== texture ===
* [[copytile (DEF)|copytile]]
* [[cutscene (DEF)|cutscene]]
* [[dummytile (DEF)|dummytile]]
* [[dummytilefrompic (DEF)|dummytilefrompic]]
* [[dummytilerange (DEF)|dummytilerange]]
* [[echo (DEF)|echo]]
* [[mapinfo (DEF)|mapinfo]]
* [[multipsky (DEF)|multipsky]]
* [[setuptile (DEF)|setuptile]]
* [[setuptilerange (DEF)|setuptilerange]]
* [[texhitscanrange (DEF)|texhitscanrange]]


'''texture ''tilenum'' { ... }'''
=== Mapster32 ===


Defines a Hightile texture to replace an ART-file tile. '''''tilenum''''' may be a number, or a defined label.
* [[2dcol (DEF)|2dcol]]
* [[2dcolidxrange (DEF)|2dcolidxrange]]
* [[alphabet (DEF)|alphabet]]
* [[spritecol (DEF)|spritecol]]
* [[spritehotkey (DEF)|spritehotkey]]
* [[tilegroup (DEF)|tilegroup]]


The brace-enclosed block may contain these instructions:
=== Deprecated commands ===


==== pal ====
* [[alphahack (DEF)|alphahack]]
* [[alphahackrange (DEF)|alphahackrange]]
* [[definemodel (DEF)|definemodel]]
* [[definemodelanim (DEF)|definemodelanim]]
* [[definemodelframe (DEF)|definemodelframe]]
* [[definemodelskin (DEF)|definemodelskin]]
* [[defineskybox (DEF)|defineskybox]]
* [[definetexture (DEF)|definetexture]]
* [[definetint (DEF)|definetint]]
* [[definevoxel (DEF)|definevoxel]]
* [[definevoxeltiles (DEF)|definevoxeltiles]]
* [[selectmodelskin (DEF)|selectmodelskin]]


'''pal ''palnum'' { ... }'''
</div>


Replaces the palette '''''palnum'''''. If a palette has no pal definition palette 0 definition will be used. Tint will not be used on palettes defined with this instruction.
__NOTOC__
 
The brace-enclosed block may contain these instructions:
 
===== file =====
 
'''file ''filename'''''
 
'''name ''filename'''''
 
Defines which texture file to use. File may be any PNG, JPG, TGA, BMP, GIF or PCX file. This instruction must be supplied.
 
===== alphacut =====
 
'''alphacut ''cutoff-value'''''
 
Sets the level of transparency at which a pixel in the texture is considered opaque. Pixels with more transparency than the cut-off are not drawn to the screen when rendered. The default setting is 0.32, which is just below the 33% transparency level of Build. If your texture has areas that are more transparent than the default, you can lower the cut-off level to preserve that detail.
 
===== nocompress =====
 
'''nocompress'''
 
Prevents the texture from being compressed using S3TC if texture compression is enabled.
 
==== detail (EDuke32-Native)====
 
'''detail {...}'''
 
Defines a detail texture for the texture. The brace-enclosed block may contain these instructions:
 
===== file =====
 
'''file ''filename'''''
 
Specifies which detail texture file to use. File may be any PNG, JPG, TGA, BMP, GIF or PCX file. This instruction must be supplied.
 
===== scale =====
 
'''scale ''value'''''
 
'''''value''''' is a positive floating-point value that'll determine how much your detail map should repeat on your diffuse map (if you want your detail map to repeat five times, use a 1/5 scale : 0.2).
 
==== glow (EDuke32-Native) ====
 
'''''glow {...}'''''
 
Defines a glow map for the texture. The brace-enclosed block may contain these instructions:
 
===== file =====
 
'''file ''filename'''''
 
Specifies which glow map file to use. This instruction must be supplied.
 
=== tint ===
 
'''tint { ... }'''
 
Defines a Hightile texture tint to simulate palette effects normally used on ART-file tiles. The brace-enclosed block may contain these instructions:
 
==== pal ====
 
'''pal ''palnum'''''
 
The palette number the tint applies to.
 
==== color ====
 
'''red ''value'''''
 
'''green ''value'''''
 
'''blue ''value'''''
 
'''r ''value'''''
 
'''g ''value'''''
 
'''b ''value'''''
 
Specifies a color component value, in the range of 0 to 255. Unspecified components are assumed to be 255 and any out of range values are clamped to the maximum or minimum as appropriate.
 
==== flags ====
 
'''flags ''flags'''''
 
Specifies any special processing effects to use for the tint. The value of flags may be the sum of any of these values:
 
* 1 = convert to greyscale
* 2 = invert colours
 
=== skybox ===
 
'''skybox { ... }'''
 
Defines a skybox that overrides a parallaxing floor or ceiling in OpenGL Polymost rendering mode. The brace-enclosed block may contain these instructions:
 
==== tile ====
 
'''tile ''tilenum'''''
 
Specifies the ART file tile to override.
 
==== pal ====
 
'''pal ''palnum'''''
 
Specifies the palette number the skybox should happen for.
 
==== facename ====
 
'''*facename* ''filename'''''
 
Defines a single face of the skybox where facename may be any of these keywords appropriate for the face in question:
 
Front Right Back Left Top Bottom
ft rt bk lf up dn
front right back left top bottom
forward lt ceiling floor
ceil down
 
'''NOTE:''' All six faces are required to be specified.
 
 
=== model ===
 
'''model ''filename'' { ... }'''
 
Defines a model to replace certain sprites in the game when running in OpenGL Polymost mode. '''''filename''''' is the model file in md2 or md3 format.
 
'''Note:''' md2 is considered deprecated.
 
The brace-enclosed block may contain these instructions:
 
==== scale ====
 
'''scale ''value'''''
 
'''''value''''' is a (possibly fractional) value specifying a scaling factor for the model when it is rendered, eg. 1.5 for one-and-a-half times as big.
 
==== shade ====
 
'''shade ''shade-offset'''''
 
'''''shade-offset''''' is an integer value specifying how much to bias the sprite's shade value by. A negative value for this makes the model brighter. Conversely, a positive value makes it darker.
 
==== zadd ====
 
'''zadd ''offset'''''
 
'''''offset''''' is a (possibly fractional) value specifying a height offset for the model. Quake models are aligned in the center while Build models are aligned at the floor. Using this command will allow Build to use Quake models without modification to the MD2/3 file itself.
 
==== skin ====
 
'''skin { ... }'''
Defines a skin to be used on the model for all frames declared after this command. The brace-enclosed block may contain these instructions:
 
===== pal =====
 
'''pal ''palnum'''''
 
Specifies which palette this skin maps to.
 
===== surface =====
 
'''surface ''surfnum'''''
Specifies which MD3 surface this skin should be applied to. This has no significance for MD2 models.
 
===== file =====
 
'''file ''filename'''''
 
Specifies the texture file to use for the skin. File may be any PNG, JPG, TGA, BMP, GIF or PCX file
 
'''IMPORTANT:''' If your model exists in a subdirectory (ie. the model filename includes a path to the .md2/3) you will need to give the same path to filename if the skin is in the same directory.
 
==== anim ====
 
anim { ... }
Defines an animation from a group of frames in the model. The brace-enclosed block may contain these instructions:
 
===== frame =====
 
'''frame0 ''framename'''''
 
'''frame1 ''framename'''''
       
Specifies the names of the start ('''''frame0''''') and end ('''''frame1''''') frames of the animation.
 
===== fps =====
 
'''fps ''fps'''''
 
Specifies the frame rate at which the animation should play. This value may be fractional.
 
===== flags =====
 
'''flags ''flags'''''
 
Specifies any special properties the animation should have, the values of which should be added together to combine multiple options.
 
Valid options are:
* 0 = none (looping animation)
* 1 = one-shot (plays beginning to end once and stops on the last frame).
 
==== frame ====
 
'''frame { ... }'''
Defines a range of ART-file tiles to correspond with the given frame/animation of the model. The brace-enclosed block may contain these instructions:
 
===== name =====
 
'''name ''framename'''''
 
'''frame ''framename'''''
 
If '''''framename''''' is identical to the starting frame of an animation, the engine will play that animation, otherwise the replacement will be static. You can choose to use the '''frame''' or '''name''' versions of this instruction as both are identical.
 
===== tile =====
 
'''tile ''tilenum'''''
 
'''tile0 ''tilenum'''''
 
'''tile1 ''tilenum'''''
 
Use the tile instruction to specify an ART-file tile which this model should replace. Use the '''tile0''' and '''tile1''' instructions together to specify a range of ART-file tiles. If you use '''tile0''', you must also have a '''tile1'''. You may not use the same instruction twice to specify multiple ranges.
 
==== hud ====
 
'''hud { ... }'''
 
Defines a range of ART-file tiles to use with a heads-up-display. The brace-enclosed block may contain these instructions:
 
===== tile =====
 
'''''tile ''tilenum'''''
 
'''''tile0 ''tilenum'''''
 
'''''tile1 ''tilenum'''''
 
'''tile0''' and '''tile1''' together specify a range of ART-file tiles which this model frame should replace when rendered as part of the HUD. You can specify individual tiles using a single tile command.
   
===== offset =====
 
'''xadd ''offset'''''
 
'''yadd ''offset'''''
 
'''zadd ''offset'''''
 
'''angadd ''offset'''''
 
Use these offsets to fine-tune the location of the model placement. '''xadd''', '''yadd''', and '''zadd''' are position offsets relative to the viewer's orienation. You can use floating point values with them. '''angadd''' is a Build angle offset. (512 = 90 degrees, 1024 = 180 degrees, etc...).
 
===== hide =====
 
'''hide'''
 
Some weapons use multiple ART tiles for constructing the gun or animation. Use this option to hide parts that you don't need in your replacement.
 
===== nobob =====
 
'''nobob'''
 
By default, the HUD model offset is affected by the player bobbing offset when the player is walking. Use this option to disable that.
 
===== flipped =====
 
'''flipped'''
 
Use this option to apply the settings inside the hud block only if the object is normally rendered x-flipped (mirror image). Some weapons, such as the devastator, are rendered in 2 pieces, the left devastator is actually a mirror image of the right.
 
===== nodepth =====
 
'''nodepth'''
 
Use this to render a HUD model without the use of the depth buffer. Normally, you should avoid this. The one exception where this is useful is for the spinning nuke menu pointer because it should always be in front - and it just happens to be convex ... which is the one case that is safe with the depth buffer disabled … a rather fortunate coincidence. [[Image:Smile.gif]]
 
=== voxel ===
 
'''voxel ''filename'' { ... }'''
 
Defines a voxel to replace sprites. filename is the name of the .KVX file containing the voxel. The brace-enclosed block may contain these instructions:
 
==== tile ====
 
'''tile ''tilenum'''''
 
'''tile0 ''tilenum'''''
 
'''tile1 ''tilenum'''''
 
Use these instructions to map tiles that should be rendered as a voxels. Use '''tile''' to map a single tile to be rendered as voxels and '''tile0''', '''tile1''' together define a range of tiles to be rendered as voxels. The '''tile0''' instruction should appear before the '''tile1''' instruction to define a correct range.
 
==== scale ====
 
'''''scale ''value'''''
 
'''''value''''' is a (possibly fractional) value specifying a scaling factor for the voxelmodel when it is rendered, eg. 1.5 for one-and-a-half times as big.
 
== Un-Definitions ==
 
=== undeftexture ===
 
==== undeftexturerange ====
 
=== undefmodel ===
 
==== undefmodelrange ====
 
==== undefmodelof ====
 
== EDuke32-Native Commands ==
 
=== alphahack ===
 
==== alphahackrange ====
 
=== dummytile ===
 
'''dummytile <''tilenum''> <''x-dimension''> <''y-dimension''>'''
 
Used in DEF files to create a blank tile at location <''tilenum''> of the dimensions <''x-dimension''> and <''y-dimension''>. This allows the creation of placeholder tiles for use with definetexture\texture without having to edit .ART files.
 
==== dummytilerange ====
 
'''dummytilerange <''tilenum1''> <''tilenum2''> <''x-dimension''> <''y-dimension''>'''
 
Same as '''''dummytile''''', but with a range of tiles.
 
=== loadgrp ===
 
'''loadgrp <''.GRP\.ZIP file''>'''
 
The DEF equivalent of the '''/g''' command line switch. '''''loadgrp''''' can only be used in the originating .DEF file; it is usually '''duke3d.def''' or the .DEF file specified by the '''/h''' command line switch.
 
=== fogpal ===
 
'''fogpal <''palette number''> <''red intensity''> <''green intensity''> <''blue intensity''>'''
 
'''''fogpal''''' defines a palette a sector-based fog effect. To use it, change the pal of your sector to the pal defined with '''''fogpal'''''.
 
Intensities range from 0-63, and palettes 26, 27, 28 and 29 are pre-defined for you as white, red, green and blue respectively. Sector visibility controls fog density.
 
== Deprecated Commands ==
 
=== definetexture ===
 
=== definetint ===
 
=== defineskybox ===
 
=== definemodel ===
 
==== definemodelskin ====
 
==== definemodelanim ====
 
==== definemodelframe ====
 
=== definevoxel ===
 
==== definevoxeltiles ====

Latest revision as of 13:58, 4 February 2022